Entries in reference works e. When a work has multiple layers of group authorship e. The Office of the Historian, which is a part of the Department of State, publishes something , list the most specific agency as the author and the parent agency as the publisher. Bureau of International Organization Affairs.
Department of State. When the work does not have an author move the title of the work to the beginning of the references and follow with the date of publication. Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary 11th ed. NOTE : When your essay includes parenthetical citations of sources with no author named, use a shortened version of the source's title instead of an author's name. Use quotation marks and italics as appropriate. For example, parenthetical citations of the source above would appear as follows: Merriam-Webster's , Use the author's name for all entries and list the entries by the year earliest comes first.
List references with no dates before references with dates. When an author appears both as a sole author and, in another citation, as the first author of a group, list the one-author entries first. Agnew, C. Social influences on romantic relationships: Beyond the dyad.
Cambridge University Press. Interpersonal relationships and health: Social and clinical psychological mechanisms. Oxford University Press. Arriaga, X. With partners like you, who needs strangers? Personal Relationships, 21 4 , Filling the void: Bolstering attachment security in committed relationships. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5 4 , If you are using more than one reference by the same author—or the same group of authors listed in the same order—published in the same year, first check to see if they have more specific dates this recommendation is new to APA 7.
Works with only a year should be listed before those with a more specific date. List specific dates chronologically. If two works have the same publication date, organize them in the reference list alphabetically by the title of the article or chapter. If references with the same date are identified as parts of a series e. Part 1 and Part 2 , list them in order of their place in the series.
Then assign letter suffixes to the year. Refer to these sources in your essay as they appear in your reference list, e. Berndt, T. Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 50 3 , Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 88 1 , Cite the publishing information about a book as usual, but cite Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword whatever title is applicable as the chapter of the book. Social Work Education, 20 1 , McGuire, J.
Molecular phylogenetics and the diversification of hummingbirds. Current Biology, 24 8 , — If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier DOI listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference. You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available. See the box on the right for more about DOIs.
If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page pp. This information must be included in the reference. If you viewed a journal article in its print format , be sure to check if it has a DOI listed. If it does not, your reference to the article does not require a DOI.
A DOI digital object identifier is assigned to a journal article by the publisher. DOIs are used to provide permanent location information on the internet. Not all articles have a DOI. If you can't locate a DOI in this way, remember that including it in your citation is not an absolute requirement of most citation styles -- you can still reference the journal publisher or library database instead.
If a Digital Object Identifier DOI is listed on either a print or an electronic source it is included in the reference. A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that is used to identify a certain source typically journal articles. The DOI is often found on the first page of an article. Check out the tutorial video put together by APA.
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. APA Citations In APA Style, there are two elements needed to properly cite each of your sources: The reference list entry - information about the article that appears at the end of your paper in the list of references The in-text citation - brief information that appears in the body of your paper to indicate a direct quote or paraphrase.
Several of the examples in this guide were drawn from the APA Manual 6th ed. Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the APA Manual 6th ed.
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|Apa citation journal article several authors||Friendship quality and social development. Toggle navigation. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. First time citing six or seven authors : A uthor Surname et al. When citing a specific part of a source, also include a page number or range, for example Parker,p.|
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