Reference format for a thesis from a commercial database:. Author, A. Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis. Available from Name of database. Accession or Order No. Reference format for a thesis from an institutional repository:.
Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis, the name of the University, city, country. Pflieger, J. Adolescents' parent and peer relations and romantic outcomes in young adulthood Doctoral dissertation.
UMI No. Thesis from a NZ institutional repository :. Thomas, R. In-text citations guide. TItle of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master's thesis. Name of Institution, Location. Knight, A. Exercise and osteoarthritis of the knee Unpublished master's dissertation. Lope, M. Perceptions of global mindedness in the international baccalaureate middle years programme: The relationship to student academic performance and teacher characteristics Order No.
ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global. Andrea, H. Effective networked nonprofit organizations: Defining the behavior and creating an instrument for measurement Doctoral dissertation. Curry, J. Pacific Oaks College. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Database Name. Archive Name.
Each must be labeled with a consecutive table number. The page number, table number and table title must then be included in a List of Tables at the front of the thesis. When styling a table keep in mind that every column must have a heading and it is typically acceptable to single space text or numbers within cells.
Wherever possible you should keep the whole of a table on one page. For tables continued onto the next page, use a line for lower border and place under the line a note in parentheses as follow table continues at bottom right. The column headings but not the table title must be repeated with continued table. Table notes should not be repeated but should appear at the end of the last page of table.
Table notes begin with a superscripted letter and are separated by periods. They are styled with in italics followed by two spaces and then the note itself which should not be italicized. General points like copyright attribution will end with a period whereas explanations of abbreviations or symbols will be separated by a semi-colon. Specific notes about an individual row, column or cell are then indicated by superscript lowercase letters. Figure captions are italicized and should end with a period.
Each must be labeled with the correct consecutive figure number. The caption label and text should be on the same line as each other. The page number, table number and table title must then be included in a List of Figures at the front of the thesis. Any direct quote of 40 words or more must be styled in block format and indented half an inch.
If there are additional paragraphs in a single quote then the first line of the second paragraph should be indented an extra half an inch. All quotes must end with a period before the citation in parentheses and should be preceded by a colon. The references section of an APA thesis must start on a new page with the word References in uppercase and lowercase letters, centered.
Every reference entry should then be double-spaced and use hanging indent format, so that the first line of each reference is flush left and subsequent lines are indented. All footnotes should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order they appear in the text.
A superscript reference number can be placed anywhere other than in a heading and can follow any punctuation mark, except a dash. If there is only one appendix, label it Appendix ; if there are more label each with a capital letter Appendix A, Appendix B, etc.
Every appendix must have a title and begin on a separate page with the the word Appendix and the identifying capital letters at the top of the page. An appendix can include its own headings and subheadings as well as tables, figures, and displayed equations.
Every table, figure and equation in an appendix must be numbered to include the letter of the appendix, such as Table B1. If there is only one appendix then just use the letter A, such as Table A1, to distinguish from those in the main text.
Headings The first page of the first chapter should not repeat the dissertation title. All headings must then be formatted according to five possible formatting arrangements: Heading 1: Centered, Boldface, Titlecase Heading 2: Flush Left, Boldface, Titlecase Heading 3: Indented, boldface, lowercase, ending with a period.
Tables Table captions are italicized, single spaced and major words capitalized. Figures Figure captions are italicized and should end with a period. Quotations Any direct quote of 40 words or more must be styled in block format and indented half an inch. References The references section of an APA thesis must start on a new page with the word References in uppercase and lowercase letters, centered.
Footnotes All footnotes should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order they appear in the text. Appendices If there is only one appendix, label it Appendix ; if there are more label each with a capital letter Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. How can we help? Name of archive or collection. Kim, O.
Soviet tableau: cinema and history under late socialism [Doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh]. Institutional Repository at the University of Pittsburgh. Stiles, T. It is important to note that not every thesis or dissertation published online will be associated with a specific archive or collection.
If the work is published on a private website, provide only the URL as the source element. We hope that the information provided here will serve as an effective guide for your research. It can help you cite easily and offers citation forms for several different kinds of sources. American Psychological Association.
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 7th ed. Written and edited by Michele Kirschenbaum and Elise Barbeau. Michele Kirschenbaum is a school library media specialist and the in-house librarian at EasyBib. Elise Barbeau is the Citation Specialist at Chegg. She has worked in digital marketing, libraries, and publishing. Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. Get Started.
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