michelle lavaughn robinson princeton thesis

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Michelle lavaughn robinson princeton thesis cheap phd essay writers for hire

Michelle lavaughn robinson princeton thesis

Analysis of the thesis' content, in addition to its restricted availability, has featured prominently in blogs over the last few days. Written under Obama's maiden name of Michelle LaVaughn Robinson and titled "Princeton-Educated Blacks and the Black Community," the thesis has come under scrutiny as the presidential campaign has advanced for its analysis of race relations. Obama, who concentrated in sociology and received a certificate in African-American studies, examined how the attitudes of black alumni have changed over the course of their time at the University.

After surveying 89 black graduates, Obama concluded that attending the University as an undergraduate decreased the extent to which black alumni identified with the black community as a whole. Obama studied the attitudes of black Princeton alumni to determine what effect their time at Princeton had on their identification with the black community.

Emeritus sociology professor Walter Wallace, who served as her thesis adviser, declined to comment for this story. Today, the student body is a lot more progressive and diverse. Completed theses are kept in Mudd Manuscript Library and are generally available to the public for viewing and scanning. Read articles that feature this panel Dinesh D'Souza claims Michelle Obama's college thesis at Princeton University was 'illiterate and incoherent' after she said some of the Most watched News videos Baby rescued after floating nearly a mile out to sea in rubber ring Dominic Cummings admits plans to remove PM just days after election People shocked and hurt in Marbella after car ploughs into them Shocking moment thug smashes bottle over man's head in violent row South East England awash with hail and rain following heatwave Cummings: Boris Johnson joked about virus only killing the overs Clubbers get back to the dancefloor as Covid rules are eased Jon Stewart parody mocks Bezos' space journey in promo for new show GMB witness migrant dinghy dangerously carrying over ten people Migrants arrive on beach in Kent after new record hit for single day Moment several suspected migrants arrive in dinghy on Kent beach Dominic Cummings talks last time he spoke to Boris Johnson.

Bing Site Web Enter search term: Search. DON'T MISS This Country's Daisy May Cooper unveils her glamorous makeover after 'splitting from husband' Will because she was 'tired of married life' Ab-flashing Lily Allen swaps her signature sportswear style for sleek Fendi fashion look with wet-look hair, an asymmetric shirt and satin shorts Maya Jama sets pulses soaring in a plunging blue bikini as she soaks up the sun and enjoys a drink with new beau Ben Simmons Montana Brown exhibits her figure in a green patterned bikini on Mykonos getaway as she enlists her beau Mark O'Connor to take her snaps Davina McCall, 53, shows off her ripped abs in a tiny black bikini as she makes the most of the UK heatwave Helping the environment, one burp at a time: How scientists and Tesco farmers are working on a greener diet for cows Ad Feature Advertisement.

The Selling Sunset star looks toned in a teeny bikini as she celebrates her birthday early with friends Inside a proud dad's photo album: Phoebe Dynevor's father Tim throws support behind the star with press clippings, throwback snaps and selfies 'Gave in to the Phil Foden hair!

Tom Brady declares his love for model wife in Portuguese while sharing sweet photo Love Island's Laura Anderson puts on a busty display in a white bikini for sultry snap Prince Charles is all smiles during Devon school visit with Camilla as he's seen for the first time since Prince Harry's announcement Was it my fault? Lala Kent and Randall Emmett receive support at Switchgrass premiere from castmates after multiple firing scandals Natasha is back!

Bridget Moynahan is back as Mr. Night Shyamalan's Old 'When the end is in sight': Kelly Ripa teases shirtless husband Mark Consuelos as she bends over in another cheeky Instagram snap Jeremy Clarkson reveals he was nearly killed by a caravan during latest adventure on The Grand Tour Can't our fearless boys in blue do more than take a villain's picture? Actor is turning the author's own memoir into a movie starring Ben Affleck next year Far-right troll Katie Hopkins takes a pathetic parting shot at Australian authorities after having her visa revoked for her comments about hotel quarantine Vogue Williams looks radiant in cream cut-out midi dress as she is joined by a glamorous Ferne McCann and Katie Piper at her glitzy children's wear launch Willow Smith gets an intricate tattoo on her hand of the Hindu goddess Saraswati Did Covid reach Europe in October ?

Italian scientists re-analyse old blood samples and find 'plausible Hero nightclub bouncers stopped rapist as he attacked vulnerable girl, 18, and held him until police Jemima Goldsmith condemns anti-Semitic Pakistani politician who attacked the socialite's ex-husband Imran Pregnant woman, 18, who suffered unprovoked attack by girl gang after she watched Euros finals in a pub with Young woman with 'Death before Dishonour' tattoo is filmed on train threatening to stab commuters and using Time to ditch the sausages?

Eating red and processed meat can increase your risk of heart disease - with Muslim boarding school in Yorkshire fails its Ofsted report after a book calling for gay people to be killed Border Force officers 'are told NOT to make Covid checks on arrivals from green and amber list countries in Nightclub boss lashes out at Boris Johnson over 'terrible misjudgment' and warns vaccine passports will be Boris is beset by technical issues as he takes PMQs from self-isolation - while most MPs stay away and keep Heatwave drowning death toll hits Man dies and four others are rescued in sea off Merseyside and body of UK bakes in 90F temperatures amid 'amber' extreme heat warning - as freak weather leads to hail stones the Female sales manager who was told to 'stand in a bikini to increase sales' and called 'ma bitches' on Dominic Cummings accuses 'interfering' Carrie of 'trying to appoint clowns to key positions' and thinking Narcissism central, chateau-bottled sour grapes - and a palpable porkie

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While Blacks who are more comfortable with Whites than with Blacks will probably be less interested in benefiting the Black community. Robinson, As we have seen, the findings discussed in the previous paragraphs seem to support the hypothesis that respondents who were increasing the time spent with Blacks were becoming more attached to the Black community during the Pre-to-Prin period both in their individual interactions and in their political ideologies about Black and White relations on a community level.

Respondents who were increasing time spent with Blacks were also becoming interested in positively contributing to the Black community. However, with the increasing integration of Blacks into the mainstream society, many "integrated Blacks" have lost touch with the Black culture in their attempts to become adjusted and comfortable in their new culture -- the White culture. Some of these Blacks are no longer able to enjoy the qualities which make Black culture so unique or are unable to openly share their culture with other Blacks because they have become so far removed from these experiences and, in some instances, ashamed of them as a result of their integration.

With respect to belief in God, it appears that their general belief in some kind of God was relatively high. D'Souza took aim at Michelle after her appearance in London for her book tour, where she said that some of the most powerful people in the Argos AO. Privacy Policy Feedback. Read articles that feature this panel Dinesh D'Souza claims Michelle Obama's college thesis at Princeton University was 'illiterate and incoherent' after she said some of the Most watched News videos Baby rescued after floating nearly a mile out to sea in rubber ring Dominic Cummings admits plans to remove PM just days after election People shocked and hurt in Marbella after car ploughs into them Shocking moment thug smashes bottle over man's head in violent row South East England awash with hail and rain following heatwave Cummings: Boris Johnson joked about virus only killing the overs Clubbers get back to the dancefloor as Covid rules are eased Jon Stewart parody mocks Bezos' space journey in promo for new show GMB witness migrant dinghy dangerously carrying over ten people Migrants arrive on beach in Kent after new record hit for single day Moment several suspected migrants arrive in dinghy on Kent beach Dominic Cummings talks last time he spoke to Boris Johnson.

Bing Site Web Enter search term: Search. DON'T MISS This Country's Daisy May Cooper unveils her glamorous makeover after 'splitting from husband' Will because she was 'tired of married life' Ab-flashing Lily Allen swaps her signature sportswear style for sleek Fendi fashion look with wet-look hair, an asymmetric shirt and satin shorts Maya Jama sets pulses soaring in a plunging blue bikini as she soaks up the sun and enjoys a drink with new beau Ben Simmons Montana Brown exhibits her figure in a green patterned bikini on Mykonos getaway as she enlists her beau Mark O'Connor to take her snaps Davina McCall, 53, shows off her ripped abs in a tiny black bikini as she makes the most of the UK heatwave Helping the environment, one burp at a time: How scientists and Tesco farmers are working on a greener diet for cows Ad Feature Advertisement.

The Selling Sunset star looks toned in a teeny bikini as she celebrates her birthday early with friends Inside a proud dad's photo album: Phoebe Dynevor's father Tim throws support behind the star with press clippings, throwback snaps and selfies 'Gave in to the Phil Foden hair! Tom Brady declares his love for model wife in Portuguese while sharing sweet photo Love Island's Laura Anderson puts on a busty display in a white bikini for sultry snap Prince Charles is all smiles during Devon school visit with Camilla as he's seen for the first time since Prince Harry's announcement Was it my fault?

Lala Kent and Randall Emmett receive support at Switchgrass premiere from castmates after multiple firing scandals Natasha is back! Bridget Moynahan is back as Mr. Night Shyamalan's Old 'When the end is in sight': Kelly Ripa teases shirtless husband Mark Consuelos as she bends over in another cheeky Instagram snap Jeremy Clarkson reveals he was nearly killed by a caravan during latest adventure on The Grand Tour Can't our fearless boys in blue do more than take a villain's picture?

Actor is turning the author's own memoir into a movie starring Ben Affleck next year Far-right troll Katie Hopkins takes a pathetic parting shot at Australian authorities after having her visa revoked for her comments about hotel quarantine Vogue Williams looks radiant in cream cut-out midi dress as she is joined by a glamorous Ferne McCann and Katie Piper at her glitzy children's wear launch Willow Smith gets an intricate tattoo on her hand of the Hindu goddess Saraswati Did Covid reach Europe in October ?

Italian scientists re-analyse old blood samples and find 'plausible Hero nightclub bouncers stopped rapist as he attacked vulnerable girl, 18, and held him until police Jemima Goldsmith condemns anti-Semitic Pakistani politician who attacked the socialite's ex-husband Imran Pregnant woman, 18, who suffered unprovoked attack by girl gang after she watched Euros finals in a pub with Young woman with 'Death before Dishonour' tattoo is filmed on train threatening to stab commuters and using Time to ditch the sausages?

There is not that much information available, but we do have some material. Anyone can also read it online via Politico. Material in each file varies greatly but most include the names of relatives, notable achievements at Princeton as well as post-graduation, news items, address updates, and obituaries. These files are generally open pending review. You can find a full description of the access policy for University Archives material on the Special Collections website.

Photo from the Daily Princetonian. Photo from The Vigil , May 7, Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply.

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These are not held within our collections. January 6, update: An additional photograph of Obama from her Freshman Orientation Program has been identified. Like this: Like Loading By Christa Cleeton with April C. Mudd, What do you have in your collections about Michelle Obama? There is not that much information available, but we do have some material.

Anyone can also read it online via Politico. Material in each file varies greatly but most include the names of relatives, notable achievements at Princeton as well as post-graduation, news items, address updates, and obituaries. These files are generally open pending review.

You can find a full description of the access policy for University Archives material on the Special Collections website. Photo from the Daily Princetonian. Photo from The Vigil , May 7, Write a Comment They discuss problems which face these Black officials who must persuade the White community that they are above issues of race and that they are representing. The idea of working with Whites to form a common social structure and cultural structure as opposed to creating two separate social struc- tures and cultural structures discussed in the writings of Conyers and Wallace have aided in the development of con- cepts of integrationism and assimilationism as they function in this study.

The second set of dependent variables in this study tries especially to measure the extent to which the respondents were motivated to benefit various social groups. The first variable was designed to provide some idea of how interested the respondents are in positively contributing to the Black community relative to other social groups such as the White community, their families, their occupations.

Let us consider these variables a little more closely. There- fore, the individual must create a motivational hierachy from which the individual can determine which social groups are most important to benefit. Some individuals may place the highest value on benefiting themselves or their fami- lies. Others may value their occupational fields most high- ly. Others may place God before everything else.

The desire to benefit the Black community as previously mentioned, is also included in the list of subjective moti- vations. However, this dependent variable did not differen- tiate the Black community in any way because it tries to measure the level of interest the respondents have in the Black community as a whole in comparison to other possible social groups as a whole. The variable discussed next tries to make up for that.

This identification is useful because there is a large segment of the Black community that is lower class and as a result of the strong likelihood that respondents now belong to classes higher and more powerful, politically and economically, than the lower class largely because they have graduated from Princeton University, it is interesting to see what their attitudes are towards a large majority of Blacks unlike themselves.

Feelings of obligation to improve the life of the Black lower class, feelings of guilt for be- traying the Black lower class, as well as feelings of shame or envy toward the Black lower class are investigated in this study. By adding a measure for change over time the dependent variables may be. It is important to realize that the change measured is that which is perceived by the individual; an introspective measure of change. The measure for change over time is focused around Princeton because the study attempts to examine the effects of a Princeton education on Blacks.

Respondents are repre- sentative of a small number of Blacks who attend predomi- nately White universities and they also represent an even smaller portion of Blacks attending Ivy League universities. Due to the small number of Blacks in at- tendance, the University does not often meet the social and academic needs of its Black population because these univer-.

By calcu- lating the difference between the number indicated by re- spondents for Pre-Princeton point and the number indicated by respondents for the Princeton point, it was possible to estimate the change during the Pre-to-Prin period. Like- wise the difference between the number indicated by the respondents for Princeton point and the number indicated for the Post-Princeton point shows the change during the Princeton to Post-Princeton period..

Dejoie discusses the claims of the negative effects of predominately White universities on the Black students at- tending those universities. Most students are dependent upon the use of their own faculties to carry them through Princeton. Therefore, it is important to understand exactly what kinds of changes Black students undergo, if any, while in Prince- ton. If findings show some change through the periods, it may be possible that their Princeton education influenced these changes.

Therefore, although this study examines several independent variables, as will be shown in a later chapter, only a few independent variables were found to have strong relationships to the dependent variables. This section will discuss the independent variables found to have the strongest relationship to the dependent variables first, and will discuss the independent variables of the study which are found to have no relationship to the depen- dent variables last.

As will be demonstrated, the independent variables which measure the actual time the indivdual spent with Blacks in. This measure has been used in place. Check one: Protes- tant, Catholic, Jewish, Athiest, none of the above, other. The diagram below represents the original hypothesized relationships between the independent and dependent vari- ables. It is my belief, as seen by the above causal model, that the independent variable which measures the actual time the respondents have spent throughout the three periods of their lifetime with Blacks and with Whites will have a strong ef- fect on the dependent variables of the study because the more the individual spends time with a group of people, the more the individual will be familiar with that particular group of people.

I also further hypothesize that this sense of comfort with Blacks will be greatest in all the activities measured by this dependent variable except intellectual activites. Intellectually, Blacks may be more comfortable with Whites as a result of a greater amount of exposure to Whites in an academic setting while at Princeton. Attending Princeton has probably forced the respondents to compete intellectual- ly with Whites more than with Blacks and, thus, they have probably become more familiar with Whites intellectually, but in other activities they are not likely to have gained familiarity with Whites if they did not spend time with Whites in other activities besides intellectual ones.

As a result of this greater sense of comfort felt by re- spondents with groups with whom they have spent more time, more respondents will be interested in benefiting these par- ticular groups in comparison to others. For example, re- spondents who. Consequently, it is also likely that these respondents are motivated to benefit self, their loved ones who are also likely to be Black and the Black commu- nity in comparison to other social groups indicated by this.

While Blacks who are more comfortable with Whites than with Blacks will probably be less interested in ben- efiting the Black community. The more respondents spend time with Blacks, the more po- sitive and compassionate they will be in their attitudes to- wards lower class Black Americans, expressing strong feel- ings of obligation to take part in improving their lives.

Feelings of obligation will also tend to be strong for Blacks who have spent more time with Whites because of a general sense of compassion towards all underprivileged peo- ple. However, the feelings of pride in remaining apart from their lives will be much stronger than their feelings of pride in not remaining apart from their lives because these respondents will show tendencies of downplaying the rela- tionship between themselves and other Blacks.

Thus, the higher the class and the more upward the career mobili- ty, the more comfortable these Blacks will be with Whites than with lower class Blacks. Class and upward mobility will probably influence the dependent variables in the same way that time spent influenced the independent variables. My overall hypotheses described in this section focuses on the group with whom the respondents identify most. The independent variables measure identification through such questions as time spent with Blacks and Whites, socio-eco- nomic class, career mobility, etc.

The more the individual identifies with the Black community the more his attitudes will sway towards a positive relationship with the Black community, however, the more the individual identifies with the White community the more his attitudes will sway towards a neg- ative relationship with the Black community. This idea of identification will be discussed further in the Summary and Conclusions chapter of this study.

The first part of the questionnaire, questions 1, 3, 4, and 5 measure the dependent variables, interaction and ben- efit attitudes. The second part of the questionnaire, ques- tions 2 and 6 through 19, measure the independent variables. Question 3 asked alumni to rate the contributions to their behavior, during the three life-periods, of motiva- tions to benefit various individuals and social groups.

The individuals and social groups referred to were as follows: self; loved ones; occu- pation; God and church; local residential community; the Black American community; the USA as a society; the non- White races of the world; and the human species as a whole. Question 5, the last measure of the dependent variables asked respondents about their personal attitudes towards lower class Black Americans.

This question was broken into a series of statements to which the respondents were asked. The second part of the questionnaire consists of fourteen questions aimed at measuring the independent variables of the study e. These questions are very straightforward and try to provide a general description of the respondents. This question, in addition to others like question 5 which asked for the predominate racial make-up of the neighborhood in which the respondents grew up, provide a general idea of the types of racial associations the respondents had before en- tering Princeton.

Questions 6, 7, and 8. These variables may be combined to create new independent variables if desired. With the permission of Steve Dawson, the President of the Association of Black Princeton Alumni ABPA and his office, the staff at the Alumni Records Office assisted the study by selecting every fourth name on a mailing list of approxi- mately names until names were collected.

The questionnaire was sent through U. The following section intends to provide an idea of how the alumni responded to the questionnaire in general. In order to fully appreciate such a discussion one must keep in mind the uniqueness of the individuals upon which this study focuses. Not only are these respondents representative of middle class Black Americans, but as some of the first Blacks to be integrated into Princeton University infamous for being racially the most conservative of the Ivy League Universities.

For the first time since reconstruction Blacks were beginning to be properly represented in such fields as politics, govern- ment, medicine, education, etc. The Black Power Movement was also strong during this time and as I have mentioned earlier in the study, such leaders as Stokely Carmichael. Thus, it will be fascinating to find out what types of Blacks decided to attend a prestigious, White university, and how this education may have affected them.

Data in. Table 2 only show percentages of respondents spending time with Blacks and Whites for what shall be re- garded, for the purposes of this study, as particular points in time, i. One cannot know from these data, how individual respondents changed between these points. This type of information is available,: however, by examining Table 2a which shows the percentage of respondents that 1 changed in the direction of spending more time with Blacks, 2 made no change in this respect, and 3 changed in the direction of spending more time with Whites during the Pre-to-Prin and the Prin- to-Post periods.

Thus, Table 2a shows that during the Pre-. Thus far in the findings, an interesting trend has al- ready appeared which shows that the changes and differences in the tables are related to something that happened to the respondents while at Princeton. This belief will be dis- cussed further in the conclusion section of the study. However, during the Prin-to-Post. The change over time as seen in Table 4. Thus, even though Table 4.

Findings in tables 4 and 4. However, for individual-level change tables 4a and 4. Thus, becoming increasingly motivated to benefit self and loved ones during both periods, but especially during the Prin-to- Post periods, and especially toward benefiting self. Occupational motivations, in table 4. Tables 4.

Table 4. Tables 5 and 5. Similar individual-level changes in feelings of comfort in social activities appear in table 5. In table 5 we find that a larger percentage of the re- spondents reported feeling equally comfortable with Blacks and Whites in intellectual activities during each of the three periods than reported feeling more comfortable with Blacks or more comfortable with Whites. Indeed, comparing intellectual comfort table 5 with social comfort, dating comfort, political comfort, and general comfort respondents feel interacting with Blacks and Whites in tables 5.

The latter supports the hypothesis that the comfort respondents feel with Blacks will be greater in all activities accept intel- lectual ones. However, it must be noted that for business and sporting see tables 5. Even though more respondents reported growing up in Black neighborhoods many attended secondary schools whose popula- tion was becoming less Black than White in comparison to their primary schools.

Although the schools the respondents attended during the Pre-Princeton point became more White than Black, this trend did not appear with respect to their present living arrange- ments. At all three times investigated in this study, respon- dents reported admiring Blacks more than Whites. With respect to belief in God, it appears that their gen- eral belief in some kind of God was relatively high. The strongest relationships found in this study focus on two variables.

However, it was also found that the ideologies held by the respondents about de- sirable race relations between the Black and White communi- ties was also strongly related to most of the dependent variables. Thus, it was helpful to determine which of these variables was more closely related to the dependent vari- ables. In order to determine which came first, time or ideolo- gies, a new analysis was performed to obtain the relation- ships in tables Tables 11 and This analy- sis is done to determine whether time is a better predictor of ideologies or whether ideologies is a better predictor of time.

The comparison of the relationships in these tables demonstrate that there is no great difference between them. Thus, it is not possible to determine which variable is a better predictor of the other. Although the data of this study do not permit us to de- termine the primacy of time over ideologies or vice versa, I have chosen to examine time as the major controlling vari- able of the study as demonstrated by the causal model in di- agram 1. Thus, it is my hypothesis that the actual time the respondents spent with Blacks and Whites throughout the three periods of their lifetime will have a strong effect on the dependent variables of the study.

Support for the hypothesis discussed in the previous paragraph may be found in the relationships between change in time and change in general comfort the respondents feel when interacting with Blacks and Whites in various activ- ates. The more respondents. This same positive relationship is also shown in Table The motivation to benefit the Black community is also in- fluenced by time see table The more respondents in- creased the time they spent with Blacks the more motivated they became to benefit the Black community; and the more the respondents spent time with Whites, the more unmotivated the respondents became to benefit the Black community.

The relationship between change in time and change in mo- tivation to benefit the Black community for Prin-to-Post period in Table A strong relationship is indicated in the top portion of the table which shows that the more re- spondents began spending time with Blacks, the more respon- dents became motivated to benefit the Black community.

Yet, the relationship in the bottom portion of the table shows no relationship at all. It is possible that the disappearance of this relation- ship in the bottom portion of the table is correlated to the inability to determine which of the variables, time or ideologies, is more closely related to the dependent vari-.

As opposed to Table Thus, for certain cases and periods of time, it is possible that ideologies is more in- fluential than time. The relationship between change in time and change in ideologies is demonstrated by tables Thus, it may be understood that the more respondents increased the time they spent with Blacks or Whites greatly influenced their sense of comfort with Blacks and Whites, in general, in ad- dition to influencing their desire to benefit the Black com- munity, and their ideologies.

The frequencies from the data see tables 2 and 2a indi- cate that a smaller percentage of respondents spent time with Blacks during Pre-Princeton, in comparison to Prince- ton. During Princeton, this percentage increased greatly, but declined during Post-Princeton. The percentages in tables 2 and 2a, in addition to the relationships between change in time and the dependent vari- ables in tables Tables The tables demon- strate that for both the Pre-to-Prin and the Prin-to-Post periods, the more respondents increased the time they spent with Blacks, the more comfortable respondents became while engaging in intellectual and social activities with Blacks and the less comfortable they became with Whites.

The more respondents increased time spent with Whites, the more com- fortable respondents became while engaging in intellectual and social activities with Whites and the less they became comfortable with Blacks. Thus, the respondents who spent more time with Blacks during the Pre-to-Prin period were un- comfortable when interacting with Whites in social and inte- lectual activities.

Tables 14 and This ob- servation indicates a likelihood that the high percentage of respondents who began spending time with Blacks during the Pre-to-Prin period did so consciously as opposed to being. Also, given relationships shown in tables 13 and As we have seen, the findings discussed in the previous paragraphs seem to support the hypothesis that respondents who were increasing the time spent with Blacks were becoming more attached to the Black community during the Pre-to-Prin period both in their individual interactions and in their political ideologies about Black and White relations on a community level.

Respondents who were increasing time spent with Blacks were also becoming interested in positively con- tributing to the Black community. As a result of the huge decline in the percentage of re- spondents who began increasing time spent with Blacks during the Prin-to-Post period demonstrated earlier in Table 2, it seems probable that as respondents became. Evidence to support the hypothesis previously discussed may be seen in Table 2a which shows the percentage of re- spondents who began spending time with Blacks and Whites.

During the Prin-to-Post period, as respondents reported. However, it must be noted that these findings could be the result of the questionnaire design. Respondents were asked to rate their attitudes by comparing Blacks and Whites, thus, as certain attitudes towards Blacks increase, it is inevitable that these attitudes towards Whites will decrease and vice versa. The study tries to examine ideologies as it relates to the dependent variables.

Thus, ideolo- gies during Princeton are not only related to time during Pre-Princeton, but to a combination of time and schools at- tended. It is my hypothesis that ideologies held by the respon- dents will be positively related to attitudes, comforts, and motivations of respondents. However, tables 18 and This table shows the variables moving together, yet, after Princeton, these variables move in different di- rections.

Table In order to explain this disappearance it would be help- ful to find some third variable having the same relationship to ideologies and to general comfort during the Pre-to-Prin period but would have different relationships to these vari- ables in the Prin-to-Post period. Unfortunately, I have been unable to find such a variable in this study. Thus, in this instance, I will not venture to speculate beyond the limits of my data.

Despite this peculiar occurance, ideologies and other de- pendent variables show relatively strong relationships with few inconsistencies. For example, tables 19 and One possible explanation for this occurance may be that both integrationist and separationist strive to benefit the Black community because supporters of these ideologies may.

Such reasoning could account for the findings which show separationists becoming more motivated to benefit the Black community in comparison to integration- ists. However, the relationship between the change in ideologies during the Prin-to-Post period and the change in feeling of obligation to the Black lower class in table These findings make it possible to speculate that at the Post-Princeton point, as more respondents were becoming in- creasingly motivated by their occupations, they had less at- tention to divide among their other priorities.

As a re- sult, some of their motivations to the Black community may have become withdrawn in order to place more emphasis on oc- cupational attainments. Consequently, their feelings of ob- ligation to the Black lower class were decreased as well. Tables 21 and But, it should be noted that the relationship during the Pre-to-Prin period, in this case, is a little weaker than the Prin-to-Post period relationship.

When the relationship between change in ideologies and guilt of betraying the Black lower class is analyzed in ta- bles 22 and This conflict may result from actively integrating in a predominately White environment by attending Princeton.

On the other hand, the respondent is acting in the best interest of integrationist. Table 23, however, shows this same relationship but con- siderably stronger than the relationship in table This same relationship was present for the Prin-to-Post period in Table Integrationist and separationist ideologies both encour- age the active participation of the Black community in work- ing towards self-help.

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