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Wikipedia biography

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With a Wikipedia biography, scientists can become a lot more human than they are on a university website — complete with their public engagement, personal stories and out-of-office-hours experiences. Editing Wikipedia is easy, free and rewarding. All you need is a Wi-Fi connection, a Wikipedia account and a bunch of neutral, reliable sources, along with a couple of hours to spare.

Pick a biography you like from elsewhere in Wikipedia and copy the structure, using sections to separate education, research and awards. Be bold, but not reckless. With Wikipedia, we can tell these stories ourselves. This is an article from the Nature Careers Community, a place for Nature readers to share their professional experiences and advice. Guest posts are encouraged. You can get in touch with the editor at naturejobseditor nature.

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While the historical impulse would remain a strong element in early American biography, American writers carved out a distinct approach. What emerged was a rather didactic form of biography, which sought to shape the individual character of a reader in the process of defining national character. The first modern biography, and a work which exerted considerable influence on the evolution of the genre, was James Boswell 's The Life of Samuel Johnson , a biography of lexicographer and man-of-letters Samuel Johnson published in While Boswell's personal acquaintance with his subject only began in , when Johnson was 54 years old, Boswell covered the entirety of Johnson's life by means of additional research.

Itself an important stage in the development of the modern genre of biography, it has been claimed to be the greatest biography written in the English language. Boswell's work was unique in its level of research, which involved archival study, eye-witness accounts and interviews, its robust and attractive narrative, and its honest depiction of all aspects of Johnson's life and character - a formula which serves as the basis of biographical literature to this day.

Biographical writing generally stagnated during the 19th century - in many cases there was a reversal to the more familiar hagiographical method of eulogizing the dead, similar to the biographies of saints produced in Medieval times. A distinction between mass biography and literary biography began to form by the middle of the century, reflecting a breach between high culture and middle-class culture. However, the number of biographies in print experienced a rapid growth, thanks to an expanding reading public.

This revolution in publishing made books available to a larger audience of readers. In addition, affordable paperback editions of popular biographies were published for the first time. Periodicals began publishing a sequence of biographical sketches. Autobiographies became more popular, as with the rise of education and cheap printing, modern concepts of fame and celebrity began to develop.

Autobiographies were written by authors, such as Charles Dickens who incorporated autobiographical elements in his novels and Anthony Trollope , his Autobiography appeared posthumously, quickly becoming a bestseller in London [11] , philosophers, such as John Stuart Mill , churchmen — John Henry Newman — and entertainers — P. The sciences of psychology and sociology were ascendant at the turn of the 20th century and would heavily influence the new century's biographies.

Human behavior would be explained through Darwinian theories. The development of psychoanalysis led to a more penetrating and comprehensive understanding of the biographical subject, and induced biographers to give more emphasis to childhood and adolescence. Clearly these psychological ideas were changing the way biographies were written, as a culture of autobiography developed, in which the telling of one's own story became a form of therapy.

British critic Lytton Strachey revolutionized the art of biographical writing with his work Eminent Victorians , consisting of biographies of four leading figures from the Victorian era : Cardinal Manning , Florence Nightingale , Thomas Arnold , and General Gordon.

His narrative demolished the myths that had built up around these cherished national heroes, whom he regarded as no better than a "set of mouth bungled hypocrites". The book achieved worldwide fame due to its irreverent and witty style, its concise and factually accurate nature, and its artistic prose.

In the s and '30s, biographical writers sought to capitalize on Strachey's popularity by imitating his style. Robert Graves I, Claudius , stood out among those following Strachey's model of "debunking biographies. This latter form's appeal to readers was based on curiosity more than morality or patriotism. By World War I , cheap hard-cover reprints had become popular. The decades of the s witnessed a biographical "boom.

The feminist scholar Carolyn Heilbrun observed that women's biographies and autobiographies began to change character during the second wave of feminist activism. She cited Nancy Milford's biography Zelda , as the "beginning of a new period of women's biography, because "[only] in were we ready to read not that Zelda had destroyed Fitzgerald , but Fitzgerald her: he had usurped her narrative.

In recent years, multimedia biography has become more popular than traditional literary forms. Along with documentary biographical films , Hollywood produced numerous commercial films based on the lives of famous people. CD-ROM and online biographies have also appeared.

Unlike books and films, they often do not tell a chronological narrative: instead they are archives of many discrete media elements related to an individual person, including video clips, photographs, and text articles. Biography-Portraits were created in , by the German artist Ralph Ueltzhoeffer.

Media scholar Lev Manovich says that such archives exemplify the database form, allowing users to navigate the materials in many ways. In recent years, debates have arisen as to whether all biographies are fiction, especially when authors are writing about figures from the past. President of Wolfson College at Oxford University, Hermione Lee argues that all history is seen through a perspective that is the product of one's contemporary society and as a result, biographical truths are constantly shifting.

So, the history biographers write about will not be the way that it happened; it will be the way they remembered it. Biographical research is defined by Miller as a research method that collects and analyses a person's whole life, or portion of a life, through the in-depth and unstructured interview, or sometimes reinforced by semi-structured interview or personal documents. There are many largely unacknowledged pitfalls to writing good biographies, and these largely concern the relation between firstly the individual and the context, and, secondly, the private and public.

Paul James writes:. The problems with such conventional biographies are manifold. Biographies usually treat the public as a reflection of the private, with the private realm being assumed to be foundational. This is strange given that biographies are most often written about public people who project a persona.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Biography disambiguation. For the Wikipedia policy on biographies of living persons, see Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons. Written account of a person's life. Biography portal Literature portal. BBC News. Retrieved 1 February The Guardian.

Butler, Paul 19 April University of Mary Washington Libraries. Archived from the original on 11 November Casper, Scott E. ISBN Derham, Katie [First published in ]. MP4 Video. Institute of Arts and Ideas. Heilbrun, Carolyn G. Writing a Woman's Life.

New York: W. Hughes, Kathryn Journal of Historical Biography. ISSN Johnson, Charles London: Conway Maritime. The Yearbook of English Studies. JSTOR James, Paul Humanities Research. Jones, Malcolm 28 October New York. Retrieved 31 January

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Good hook ideas essay Aug [6]. Their subjects were usually restricted to the wikipedia biography fathersmartyrspopesand saints. C9 vs FNC. December approx. According to Wikipedia, a primary source is original material that is close to an event, and is often an account written by people who are directly involved with the subject. This page was last edited on 26 Mayat
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Example of resume for it News 10 MAY What links wikipedia biography. Information management thesis, John A. Examples of a primary source would be the subject's own websitea press release by the subject, proxy statements, patents, etc. Categories, lists, and navigation templates Categorization Template namespace. There are plenty of role models if you do the work to find them.
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Custom best essay writers service us LCK Summer. Namespaces Article Talk. Retrieved 1 February Doing so would be a conflict of interest. In the wikipedia biography Middle Ages AD tothere was a decline in awareness of the classical culture in Europe. Sep [4]. Biographies usually treat the public as a reflection of the private, with the private realm being assumed to be foundational.

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Wiktionary Definitions. Wikidata Database. Purge server cache. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Portal maintenance status: June This portal's subpages have been checked by an editor, and are needed. Please take care when editing, especially if using automated editing software. Learn how to update the maintenance information here. Wikipedia portal for content related to Biography. Refresh with new selections below purge.

Image 1. He promoted participatory rural development in Pakistan and other developing countries, and widely advocated community participation in development. His particular contribution was the establishment of a comprehensive project for rural development, the Comilla Model In the s he started a bottom-up community development initiative of Orangi Pilot Project , based in the outskirts of Karachi , which became a model of participatory development initiatives.

He also directed many programmes, from microcredit to self-finance and from housing provision to family planning , for rural communities and urban slums. It earned him international recognition and high honours in Pakistan. Khan was fluent in at least seven languages and dialects. Apart from many scholarly books and articles, he also published a collection of poems and travelogues in Urdu.

Image 3. Image 4. Image 5. Image 6. Image 7. Image 8. Image 9. Image Fairman painted portraits of Queen Victoria 's dogs by royal command? The following are images from various biography-related articles on Wikipedia. Do you have a question about Wikipedia biographical content that you can't find the answer to? Image 1 Edward VI of England. He is shown wearing a badge with the Prince of Wales's feathers. It was most likely painted in when he was eight years old, during the time when he was resident at Hunsdon House.

He was the third monarch of the Tudor dynasty and England's first ruler who was Protestant at the time of his ascension to the throne. Edward's entire rule was mediated through a council of regency. He died at the age of 15 in More selected portraits. Image 2 Rory Kennedy. Rory Kennedy born December 12, is an American documentary filmmaker and the youngest child of U. Born six months after the assassination of her father , her life has seen many tragedies. As a director and producer, she has made documentary films that center on social issues such as addiction, nuclear radiation, the treatment of prisoners of war, and the politics of the Mexican border fence.

Image 3 Cary Grant. Actor Cary Grant —86 in a publicity photo for Suspicion Known for his transatlantic accent , debonair demeanor and "dashing good looks", Grant is considered one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men. Image 4 Sitting Bull.

Sitting Bull was a Hunkpapa Lakota chief and holy man. He is notable in American and Native American history in large part for his major victory at the Battle of the Little Bighorn against Custer 's 7th Cavalry , where his premonition of defeating them became reality. Even today, his name is synonymous with Native American culture, and he is considered to be one of the most famous Native Americans in history.

Years later, he also participated in Buffalo Bill 's Wild West show, where he frequently cursed audiences in his native tongue as they applauded him. Image 5 Alice Paul. Alice Paul was an American suffragist , feminist , and women's-rights activist, and one of the main leaders and strategists of the campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution , which prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote. Along with Lucy Burns and others, she strategized events such as the Woman Suffrage Procession and the Silent Sentinels as part of the successful campaign that resulted in the amendment's passage on August 18, Image 6 Malcolm X.

Born Malcolm Little, he changed his surname to "X" as a rejection of his " slave name ". Tensions between him and the Nation of Islam caused him to break from the group in He claimed to have received daily death threats and his house was burned to the ground in February One week later, Malcolm X was assassinated, having been shot in the chest by a sawed-off shotgun and 16 times with handguns. Three members of the Nation of Islam were convicted.

Image 7 George Washington Carver. A portrait of George Washington Carver , American scientist , botanist , educator and inventor , from Much of Carver's fame is based on his research into and promotion of alternative crops to cotton , such as peanuts and sweet potatoes. In addition to his work on agricultural extension education for purposes of advocacy of sustainable agriculture and appreciation of plants and nature, Carver's important accomplishments also included improvement of racial relations , mentoring children, poetry , painting , and religion.

One of his most important roles was in undermining, through the fame of his achievements and many talents, the widespread stereotype of the time that the black race was intellectually inferior to the white race. Image 8 Ida B. Ida B. Wells — was an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist , sociologist, and an early leader in the civil rights movement.

Born into slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi , Wells and her family were freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of Despite losing her parents to yellow fever when she was sixteen, Wells attended Fisk University and became a teacher.

Politically active since her youth, she also became a writer on race issues and campaigned against lynching ; in this latter capacity she published two influential pamphlets and traveled throughout the United States and the United Kingdom.

Image 9 Mumtaz Ahmed Khan. Mumtaz Ahmed Khan is an Indian humanitarian. A surgeon by trade, in he established the Al-Ameen Educational Society ; it now operates eight schools in the Bangalore area. Image 10 John Henry Newman. John Henry Newman —90 was a British cleric and leader in the Oxford Movement , a group of Anglicans who wished to return the Church of England to many Catholic beliefs and forms of worship traditional in the medieval times.

In Newman converted to Catholicism, eventually rising to cardinal. Image 11 Vincent van Gogh. Vincent van Gogh is an oil-on-canvas portrait by Australian painter John Russell , dated It depicts Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh , who became lifelong friends with Russell after meeting him at Fernand Cormon 's atelier in Paris, which they both attended. Painted in a realist and academic manner, the portrait shows hints of the impressionist techniques with which they began experimenting in the latter half of the s.

In India , biographies of Buddha and his reincarnated lives were written. In ancient Greece , people wrote biographies of people that were not rulers too. Xenophon wrote a biography of Socrates and gave this book the name Memorabilia Memories. The Gospels were also biographies of Jesus Christ.

In West Africa , griots tell histories which often include biographies. Many written biographies today are released by publishers as products for sale. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The legends of the saints : an introduction to hagiography.

Robarts - University of Toronto. London : Longmans, Green. Retrieved This short article about literature can be made longer. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. Categories : Genres Literary terms.

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A written biography is a part of literature. Biographies can also be made as movies often called biopics or told as stories. The oldest written biographies that historians have were written to record rulers' lives.

Some were written in Assyria , ancient Babylonia , ancient Egypt and ancient Mesopotamia. Biographies were an early form of history. Another early form of biography was called hagiography, meaning writing about holy people. In ancient China , a biography was one of the basic forms of a history book.

In India , biographies of Buddha and his reincarnated lives were written. In ancient Greece , people wrote biographies of people that were not rulers too. Xenophon wrote a biography of Socrates and gave this book the name Memorabilia Memories. The Gospels were also biographies of Jesus Christ. In West Africa , griots tell histories which often include biographies. Many written biographies today are released by publishers as products for sale. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Do you have a question about Wikipedia biographical content that you can't find the answer to? Image 1 Edward VI of England. He is shown wearing a badge with the Prince of Wales's feathers. It was most likely painted in when he was eight years old, during the time when he was resident at Hunsdon House. He was the third monarch of the Tudor dynasty and England's first ruler who was Protestant at the time of his ascension to the throne.

Edward's entire rule was mediated through a council of regency. He died at the age of 15 in More selected portraits. Image 2 Rory Kennedy. Rory Kennedy born December 12, is an American documentary filmmaker and the youngest child of U. Born six months after the assassination of her father , her life has seen many tragedies.

As a director and producer, she has made documentary films that center on social issues such as addiction, nuclear radiation, the treatment of prisoners of war, and the politics of the Mexican border fence. Image 3 Cary Grant.

Actor Cary Grant —86 in a publicity photo for Suspicion Known for his transatlantic accent , debonair demeanor and "dashing good looks", Grant is considered one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men. Image 4 Sitting Bull. Sitting Bull was a Hunkpapa Lakota chief and holy man. He is notable in American and Native American history in large part for his major victory at the Battle of the Little Bighorn against Custer 's 7th Cavalry , where his premonition of defeating them became reality.

Even today, his name is synonymous with Native American culture, and he is considered to be one of the most famous Native Americans in history. Years later, he also participated in Buffalo Bill 's Wild West show, where he frequently cursed audiences in his native tongue as they applauded him.

Image 5 Alice Paul. Alice Paul was an American suffragist , feminist , and women's-rights activist, and one of the main leaders and strategists of the campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution , which prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote. Along with Lucy Burns and others, she strategized events such as the Woman Suffrage Procession and the Silent Sentinels as part of the successful campaign that resulted in the amendment's passage on August 18, Image 6 Malcolm X.

Born Malcolm Little, he changed his surname to "X" as a rejection of his " slave name ". Tensions between him and the Nation of Islam caused him to break from the group in He claimed to have received daily death threats and his house was burned to the ground in February One week later, Malcolm X was assassinated, having been shot in the chest by a sawed-off shotgun and 16 times with handguns.

Three members of the Nation of Islam were convicted. Image 7 George Washington Carver. A portrait of George Washington Carver , American scientist , botanist , educator and inventor , from Much of Carver's fame is based on his research into and promotion of alternative crops to cotton , such as peanuts and sweet potatoes.

In addition to his work on agricultural extension education for purposes of advocacy of sustainable agriculture and appreciation of plants and nature, Carver's important accomplishments also included improvement of racial relations , mentoring children, poetry , painting , and religion. One of his most important roles was in undermining, through the fame of his achievements and many talents, the widespread stereotype of the time that the black race was intellectually inferior to the white race.

Image 8 Ida B. Ida B. Wells — was an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist , sociologist, and an early leader in the civil rights movement. Born into slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi , Wells and her family were freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of Despite losing her parents to yellow fever when she was sixteen, Wells attended Fisk University and became a teacher. Politically active since her youth, she also became a writer on race issues and campaigned against lynching ; in this latter capacity she published two influential pamphlets and traveled throughout the United States and the United Kingdom.

Image 9 Mumtaz Ahmed Khan. Mumtaz Ahmed Khan is an Indian humanitarian. A surgeon by trade, in he established the Al-Ameen Educational Society ; it now operates eight schools in the Bangalore area. Image 10 John Henry Newman. John Henry Newman —90 was a British cleric and leader in the Oxford Movement , a group of Anglicans who wished to return the Church of England to many Catholic beliefs and forms of worship traditional in the medieval times. In Newman converted to Catholicism, eventually rising to cardinal.

Image 11 Vincent van Gogh. Vincent van Gogh is an oil-on-canvas portrait by Australian painter John Russell , dated It depicts Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh , who became lifelong friends with Russell after meeting him at Fernand Cormon 's atelier in Paris, which they both attended. Painted in a realist and academic manner, the portrait shows hints of the impressionist techniques with which they began experimenting in the latter half of the s. Van Gogh seems to have been particularly attached to Russell's portrait, which Russell gifted to him as a mark of their friendship.

The painting passed from Van Gogh to his brother Theo and then to their family; it is now in the collection of the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Image 12 Maxim Gorky. Maxim Gorky — was a Russian political activist and writer who helped establish the Socialist Realism literary method. This portrait dates from a trip Gorky made to the United States in , on which he raised funds for the Bolsheviks.

During this trip he wrote his novel The Mother. Image 13 Dilma Rousseff. Dilma Rousseff is the 36th and current President of Brazil , in office since 1 January She is the first woman to hold the office. The daughter of a Bulgarian entrepreneur, she is an economist by training and co-founder of the Democratic Labour Party. She was elected the presidency in a run-off election on 31 October Image 14 Walt Whitman. Walt Whitman — was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist , he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism , incorporating both views in his works.

Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. His work was very controversial in its time, particularly his poetry collection Leaves of Grass first published in , but continuously revised until Whitman's death , which was described as obscene for its overt sexuality. Image 15 Chandos portrait. The Chandos portrait is a famous painting believed to depict William Shakespeare , and is named after James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos , who owned the portrait.

It has not been possible to solve the question of who painted the portrait or whether it really depicts Shakespeare. However, in the National Portrait Gallery in London concluded that the Chandos portrait was the most likely to be a representation of Shakespeare. More of today's anniversaries Mbowe's Chadema party condemns his arrest and labels the government as a "dictatorship". Reuters 18 July — War in Afghanistan Taliban leader Hibatullah Akhundzada says that he "strenuously favors" a political settlement to the conflict between the group and the Afghan government despite recent advancement and territorial gains by the Taliban, saying that "in spite of the military gains and advances, the Islamic Emirate [of Afghanistan]" favors a stable solution to the issue.

Records CD Archive — More from Wikiquote. Human sexuality. Blackburn Frank Bladin James G.

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Marie Curie is one of the most famous women in science. But her first page on Wikipedia was shared with her husband — until someone pointed out that, perhaps, her scientific contributions were notable enough to warrant her own biography. It is the fifth most popular website in the world and notches up more than 32 million views a day. A community of volunteer editors collaboratively edit, update and add content to democratize access to a common and constantly updating collection of knowledge.

But as with any democracy, results are determined by those who choose to participate. Who edits Wikipedia — and the biases they carry with them — matters. What we choose to edit is informed by what we know — not only in terms of our scientific expertise, but also from our own lived experiences. For women and people in other under-represented groups in science, that knowledge includes an intimate understanding of how our contributions are downplayed or outright erased from the history of science.

The Wikipedia community should reflect the populations it serves — in race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation. The US National Science Foundation has invested money to understand and bridge the gender gap on Wikipedia, and we are hopeful that more efforts to better recognize the contributions of all other under-represented groups will follow. In , Emily Temple-Wood, an undergraduate student at Loyola University in Chicago, Illinois, began to write biographies of women in science onto Wikipedia.

At the time, she was pushing back against systematic biases against women in the sciences, writing biographies after her biology classes despite harassing e-mails from online trolls. WikiProjects are organizations of groups of contributors who work together to improve Wikipedia. These projects have a long-lasting impact on the quantity and quality of pages made. Before the WikiProject Women Scientists, the quality of an average Wikipedia biography about a woman was generally rated significantly worse than most other pages on the encyclopaedia.

Now, biographies of women are generally rated more highly than other pages on the site. So often, we hear that girls in science need more role models and inspiration. So we respectfully disagree. There are plenty of role models if you do the work to find them. A Wikipedia biography can give a scientist credibility: the encyclopaedia is indexed so regularly by Google that it appears at the top of the page and is regularly used by journalists looking for sources.

With a Wikipedia biography, scientists can become a lot more human than they are on a university website — complete with their public engagement, personal stories and out-of-office-hours experiences. Editing Wikipedia is easy, free and rewarding. All you need is a Wi-Fi connection, a Wikipedia account and a bunch of neutral, reliable sources, along with a couple of hours to spare.

Pick a biography you like from elsewhere in Wikipedia and copy the structure, using sections to separate education, research and awards. Be bold, but not reckless. With Wikipedia, we can tell these stories ourselves. This is an article from the Nature Careers Community, a place for Nature readers to share their professional experiences and advice. Guest posts are encouraged. This is particularly important for police booking photographs mugshots , or situations where the subject did not expect to be photographed.

Images of living persons that have been generated by Wikipedians and others may be used only if they have been released under a copyright licence that is compatible with Wikipedia:Image use policy. Category names do not carry disclaimers or modifiers, so the case for each content category must be made clear by the article text and its reliable sources. Categories regarding religious beliefs or lack of such or sexual orientation should not be used unless the subject has publicly self-identified with the belief or lack of such or orientation in question, and the subject's beliefs or sexual orientation are relevant to their public life or notability , according to reliable published sources.

Caution should be used with content categories that suggest a person has a poor reputation see false light. For example, Category:Criminals and its subcategories should be added only for an incident that is relevant to the person's notability ; the incident was published by reliable third-party sources; the subject was convicted; and the conviction was not overturned on appeal.

In particular, do not categorize biographies of living people under such contentious topics as racism , sexism , extremism , and the like, since these have the effect of labeling a person as a racist, sexist, or extremist. This policy does not limit the use of administrative categories for WikiProjects, article clean-up, or other normal editor activities.

Anyone born within the past years on or after 19 July [ update ] is covered by this policy unless a reliable source has confirmed their death. Generally, this policy does not apply to material concerning people who are confirmed dead by reliable sources.

The only exception would be for people who have recently died, in which case the policy can extend based on editorial consensus for an indeterminate period beyond the date of death—six months, one year, two years at the outside. Such extensions would only apply particularly to contentious or questionable material about the subject that has implications for their living relatives and friends, such as in the case of a possible suicide or a particularly gruesome crime.

Even absent confirmation of death, for the purposes of this policy anyone born more than years ago is presumed dead unless reliable sources confirm the person to have been living within the past two years. If the date of birth is unknown, editors should use reasonable judgement to infer—from dates of events noted in the article—if it is plausible that the person was born within the last years and is therefore covered by this policy.

This policy does not normally apply to material about corporations, companies, or other entities regarded as legal persons , though any such material must be written in accordance with other content policies. The extent to which the BLP policy applies to edits about groups is complex and must be judged on a case-by-case basis. A harmful statement about a small group or organization comes closer to being a BLP problem than a similar statement about a larger group; and when the group is very small, it may be impossible to draw a distinction between the group and the individuals that make up the group.

When in doubt, make sure you are using high-quality sources. Wikipedia contains hundreds of thousands of articles about living persons. From both a legal and ethical standpoint it is essential that a determined effort be made to eliminate defamatory and other inappropriate material from these articles, but these concerns must be balanced against other concerns, such as allowing articles to show a bias in the subject's favor by removing appropriate material simply because the subject objects to it, or allowing articles about non- notable publicity-seekers to be retained.

When in doubt about whether material in a BLP is appropriate, the article should be pared back to a policy-compliant version. Sometimes the use of administrative tools such as page protection and deletion is necessary for the enforcement of this policy, and in extreme cases action by Wikimedia Foundation staff is required. Subjects sometimes become involved in editing material about themselves, either directly or through a representative. The Arbitration Committee has ruled in favor of showing leniency to BLP subjects who try to fix what they see as errors or unfair material.

Editors should make every effort to act with kindness toward the subjects of biographical material when the subjects arrive to express concern. Although Wikipedia discourages people from writing about themselves , removal of unsourced or poorly sourced material is acceptable. When an anonymous editor blanks all or part of a BLP, this might be the subject attempting to remove problematic material. Edits like these by subjects should not be treated as vandalism; instead, the subject should be invited to explain their concerns.

The Arbitration Committee established the following principle in December Wikipedia:Please do not bite the newcomers , a guideline, advises Wikipedia users to consider the obvious fact that new users of Wikipedia will do things wrong from time to time. For those who either have or might have an article about themselves, there is a temptation—especially if apparently wrong or strongly negative information is included in such an article—to become involved in questions regarding their own article.

This can open the door to rather immature behavior and loss of dignity for the new user. It is a violation of don't bite the newbies to strongly criticize users who fall into this trap, rather than see this phenomenon as a new editor mistake. Wikipedia has editorial policies that will often help to resolve your concern, as well as many users willing to help and a wide range of escalation processes. Very obvious errors can be fixed quickly, including by yourself.

You may also post an explanation of your concern on the biographies of living persons noticeboard and ask that uninvolved editors evaluate the article to make sure it is fairly written and properly sourced. If you are an article subject and you find the article about you contains your personal information or potentially libelous statements, contact the oversight team so that they can evaluate the issue and possibly remove it from the page history.

Please bear in mind that Wikipedia is almost entirely operated by volunteers; impolite behavior, even if entirely understandable, will often be less effective. Subjects who have legal or other serious concerns about material they find about themselves on a Wikipedia page, whether in a BLP or elsewhere, may contact the Wikimedia Foundation's volunteer response team known as OTRS.

Please e-mail info-en-q wikimedia. It is usually better to ask for help rather than trying to change the material yourself. As noted above, individuals involved in a significant legal or other off-wiki dispute with the subject of a biographical article are strongly discouraged from editing that article. If you are not satisfied with the response of editors and admins to a concern about biographical material about living persons, you can contact the Wikimedia Foundation directly.

See Contact us for details. On April 9, , the Wikimedia Foundation's Board of Trustees passed a resolution regarding Wikimedia's handling of material about living persons. It noted that there are problems with some BLPs being overly promotional in tone, being vandalized, and containing errors and smears.

The Foundation urges that special attention be paid to neutrality and verifiability regarding living persons; that human dignity and personal privacy be taken into account, especially in articles of ephemeral or marginal interest; and that anyone who has a complaint about how they are described on the project's websites be treated with patience, kindness, and respect.

Administrators who suspect malicious or biased editing, or believe that inappropriate material may be added or restored, may protect or semi-protect pages. Biographical material about a living individual that is not compliant with this policy should be improved and rectified; if this is not possible, then it should be removed. If the entire page is substantially of poor quality, primarily containing contentious material that is unsourced or poorly sourced, then it may be necessary to delete the entire page as an initial step, followed by discussion.

Page deletion is normally a last resort. If a dispute centers around a page's inclusion e. Summary deletion is appropriate when the page contains unsourced negative material or is written non-neutrally, and when this cannot readily be rewritten or restored to an earlier version of an acceptable standard.

The deleting administrator should be prepared to explain the action to others, by e-mail if the material is sensitive. Those who object to the deletion should bear in mind that the deleting admin may be aware of issues that others are not.

Disputes may be taken to deletion review , but protracted public discussion should be avoided for deletions involving sensitive personal material about living persons, particularly if it is negative. Such debates may be courtesy blanked upon conclusion. After the deletion, any administrator may choose to protect it against re-creation. Even if the page is not protected against re-creation, it should not be re-created unless a consensus is demonstrated in support of re-creation.

Where the living subject of a biographical article has requested deletion, the deletion policy says: "Discussions concerning biographical articles of relatively unknown, non-public figures , where the subject has requested deletion and there is no rough consensus, may be closed as delete.

To ensure that material about living people is written neutrally to a high standard, and based on high-quality reliable sources, the burden of proof is on those who wish to retain, restore, or undelete the disputed material. When material about living persons has been deleted on good-faith BLP objections, any editor wishing to add, restore, or undelete it must ensure it complies with Wikipedia's content policies.

If it is to be restored without significant change, consensus must be obtained first. Material that has been repaired to address concerns should be judged on a case-by-case basis. In the case of an administrator deleting a complete article, wherever possible such disputed deletions should be discussed first with the administrator who deleted the article. All BLPs must have at least one source that supports at least one statement made about the person in the article, or it may be proposed for deletion.

The tag may not be removed until a reliable source is provided, and if none is forthcoming, the article may be deleted after seven days. This does not affect other deletion processes mentioned in BLP policy and elsewhere. Manning naming dispute , 16 October "The biographies of living persons policy applies to all references to living persons throughout Wikipedia, including the titles of articles and pages and all other portions of any page.

They may involve tensions between journalists' professional obligations to our audience and their relationships with news sources, advocacy groups, advertisers, or competitors; with one another; or with the company or one of its units. And at a time when two-career families are the norm, the civic and professional activities of spouses, household members and other relatives can create conflicts or the appearance of them.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia policy on material about living persons. For policy on whether an individual is sufficiently noteworthy to have an article, see Wikipedia:Notability people. This page documents an English Wikipedia policy. It describes a widely accepted standard that all editors should normally follow. Changes made to it should reflect consensus. Do you find this page confusing? Do you need help?

Just use this link to ask for help on your talk page ; a volunteer will visit you there shortly! Further information: Wikipedia:Coatrack articles. See also: Wikipedia:Libel. See also: Wikipedia:Who is a low-profile individual. Report BLP incidents at the biographies of living persons noticeboard. See also: Wikimedia Foundation. Further information: Foundation:Resolution:Biographies of living people. Further information: Wikipedia:Proposed deletion of biographies of living people. Foundation policies and resolutions Wikimedia Foundation privacy policy Wikimedia Foundation resolution on biographies of living persons , amended November This policy does not apply to people declared dead in absentia.

WikiEN-l Mailing list. Wikimedia Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 June Retrieved 22 June It should be removed, aggressively, unless it can be sourced. This is true of all information, but it is particularly true of negative information about living persons. Wikipedia key policies and guidelines?

Five pillars Ignore all rules. Notability Autobiography Citing sources Reliable sources Reliable sources medicine Do not include copies of lengthy primary sources Plagiarism Don't create hoaxes Fringe theories Patent nonsense External links. Assume good faith Conflict of interest Disruptive editing Do not disrupt Wikipedia to illustrate a point Etiquette Gaming the system Please do not bite the newcomers Courtesy vanishing Responding to threats of harm Talk page guidelines Signatures.

Administrators Banning Blocking Page protection. Editing policy. Categories, lists, and navigation templates Categorization Template namespace. List of all policies and guidelines P : List of policies G : List of guidelines Summaries of values and principles. Hidden categories: Project pages with short description Wikipedia semi-protected project pages Wikipedia move-protected project pages. Namespaces Project page Talk. Views Read View source View history.

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A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships. Biographies of living persons ("BLPs") must be written conservatively and with Wikipedia is an encyclopedia, not a tabloid: it is not Wikipedia's job to. So, you want to upload a Wikipedia biography. Not a problem. Anyone can edit Wikipedia so it should be simple, right? Well not so fast.